CHILD PROTECTION: THE PROVISIONAL PLACEMENT ORDER

What is a provisional placement order?

provisional placement order (OPP) & PPC is a protective measure issued by a juvenile judge . This judicial placement measure is taken when a minor is in danger.

A placement decision is made in order to protect the child . The latter is temporarily removed from his usual living environment in order to be placed in a specialized establishment ( Children’s and Teenagers’ Village, hostels, MECS, etc.) or in a foster family. The purpose of this placement is to ensure the safety, health and education of the minor.

A temporary placement order is issued for a maximum period of 2 years . The measure must then be reconsidered.

The steps of a provisional placement order

A report or worrying information can be given to inform that a minor is in danger . The family affairs judge studies the request and hears the minor, if he is capable of discernment, and also the persons with parental authority.

Following these interviews and the information received, the judge decides on the measure best suited to the child’s situation. Maintaining the minor in the family is preferred, sometimes with educational assistance measures in an open environment . However, when the child is in danger, the placement is ordered in favor of the protection of the child.

When he pronounces a provisional placement order , the child is placed under the responsibility of the president of the Departmental Council. The OPP must be justified by the judge of the tribunal de grande instance, explaining the reasons which led him to take this decision. However, the measure can be contested by different people: the parents, the guardian, the person or the service in charge of the minor, the child himself or the public prosecutor.

The OPP pronounced: placement of the child

Once the Provisional Placement Order has been issued, the minor is taken in charge by the Department’s Childhood Social Assistance (ASE) services . They identify the place of placement best suited to their needs and establish with the structure in question the conditions under which the child will be received.

The child is then placed in a home, a Children’s Village or a foster family . During the placement, the parents continue to exercise their parental authority. They sometimes benefit from a right of visit or accommodation allowing the parent-child bond to be maintained. The judge can decide to remove these rights or to organize the visits in a neutral place if the interest of the child justifies it.

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